5 Hard Money Terms You Should Know Before Your First Loan

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Are you a newbie when it comes to the world of Hard Money? Let’s say you decided to try out flipping homes, you did some research and came to find out that one of the best ways to fund your project is through a hard money lender. As you’re browsing around for local lenders, you suddenly come across what seems to be some sort of secret language, “LTV, ARV, CLTPP??” What does it all mean?

man staring at his laptop confused with his hand held up

Don’t get scared away too quickly. While it may seem overwhelming at first, these terms will become second nature after your first few projects. However, it’s important to have a general understanding of some hard money terms before your first loan. Knowing these terms will help you ask the right questions, get the best deal, and ultimately find the right hard money lender for you.

Hard Money Terms

Without further ado, here are 5 Hard Money Terms You Should Know Before Your First Loan:

LTV (Loan-to-Value): Think of LTV as the equity within a deal. Lenders want to have enough LTV or equity in the deal that if you default on the loan, they will be able to take the property back, sell it, and still be safe. Take for example you need funding on a property that is worth $100K. If the lender lends $70K, the loan would be at 70% LTV. By having 70% LTV, the lender is limiting their risk with 30% equity as a cushion because the borrower has “skin in the game” and is less likely to default on the loan. 

LTC (Loan-to-Capital): LTC is the ratio that determines how much capital of the total project will be lended to the borrower. It is very similar to LTV but this ratio includes all the capital needed and not just the money needed to buy the property. To demonstrate LTC, say that the purchase price of the property was $70K and the repairs would cost $30K, then the capital would be a total of $100K. If the lender was only willing to lend $80K, then the LTC would be 80% because $80K is 80% of $100K. 

Rate: The rate is the interest rate of the loan. It is a percentage of loan to be paid by the borrower to the lender in fixed intervals. Say the rate is 12% on a $100K loan with an 12 month term. If the rate is due on a monthly basis, you will have to pay the lender $1K every month until completion of the term.

Processing Fees: Money that the hard money lender charges the borrower in order to create the loan. These fees can include processing the application, underwriting and funding the loan, and other administrative services.

Points (Origination Fees/Lender Fees): Points are origination fees that help pay for administrative costs of the loan. One point equals one percent of the total loan amount. Points are set in place to lower the lender’s risk. Points are paid upfront at closing (on top of your monthly interest rates.)

Small house with money around it representing hard money investing


Now that you have a couple of key hard money terms under your belt, you are equipped with the basic knowledge needed to understand different factors that go into the loan process. When approaching a hard money lender for your next project, ask about their rates, points, and other origination fees that they charge. What LTV and LTC do they usually provide? Compare this information with other lenders. By understanding these terms, you will be able to ask the right questions and understand what lender can provide you with the best deal for your project while still enabling you to maintain a lucrative investment. 

Looking for a hard money lender in Washington State? Check out Pacific Equity and Loan for flexible terms, fast closings, and rates as low as 4.25%

Get funding with hard money from Pacific Equity & Loan's


“Learning The Basics of Borrowing Hard Money” YouTube, uploaded by Flipping Mastery TV, 11 December, 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_a8DRGSTGlI

“How Hard Money Loans Work! Easy Guide To Hard Money Loans For New Investors!” YouTube, uploaded by Sean Pan Real Estate Investing, 12 September, 2019, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-ns8rXVwl8 

“Hard Money Terminology Glossary.” We Lend Money™, 7 Apr. 2016, welend.money/hard-money-glossary-of-terms/.

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